The Alchemy web site on Levity.com
Chronology of Chinese alchemy.
Extracted from an article by William Jerome Wilson in Ciba Symposia for 1940.
c. 3rd century B.C. Lao Tzu, founder of philosophical Taoism.
249-206 B.C. CH'IN DYNASTY, uniting China for the first time.
249-210 B.C. Shih Huang Ti, emperor, legendary founder of alchemy.
219 B.C. Hsu Shih, reputed leader of an expedition to Japan in 219 B.C.
206-220 B.C. HAN DYNASTY.
156-87 B.C. Wu Ti, emperor, patron of alchemy and allied arts.
145-87 B.C. Ssu-ma Ch'ien, historian, first mentioning alchemy.
Died 122 B.C. Liu An, patron of the group of Taoist authors who wrote the called Huai-nan-tzu.
c. 100-150 A.D. Wei Po-yang, called the 'Father of Alchemy', author of earliest treatise devoted wholly to alchemy.
220-589 A.D. SIX DYNASTIES, a period of disorganization.
c. 281-361 A.D. Ko Hung, the foremost Chinese alchemist.
451-536 A.D. T'ao Hung-ching, physician and alchemist.
589-618 A.D. SUI DYNASTY, reuniting China.
618-907 A.D. T'ANG DYNASTY, restoring the full glory of the empire.
907-960 A.D. FIVE DYNASTIES, a period of disorganization.
960-1280 A.D. SUNG DYNASTY, an intellectual renaissance.
983-1082 A.D. Chang Po-tuan, alchemical poet.
Between 1041-1049 Pi Sheng, alchemist, invents movable type from clay.
c. 1100 A.D. Su Tung P'o, exponent of a mystical type of alchemy.
1162-1227. Chingiz Khan in 1222 A.D. summoned Ch'ang Ch'un, renowned mystical alchemist, to an audience.
1280-1368 A.D. YUAN (MONGOL) DYNASTY, bringing China and Europe into direct contact nearly a century,
1368-1644 A.D. MING DYNASTY, an era of nationalism and isolation.